(Narrow, General, Super)
"Artificial intelligence will reach human levels by around 2029. Follow that out further to, say, 2045; we will have multiplied the intelligence, the human biological machine intelligence of our civilization a billion-fold."
The Levels of Artificial Intelligence
When we hear artificial intelligence being discussed, it's essential to understand the levels and/or variations of AI (Artificial Intelligence). The most common (and only available) artificial intelligence is weak/narrow artificial intelligence. Weak AIs are highly specialized systems optimized to play games, translate languages, recognize images and listen/produce speech. These systems are also used to score a broad range of results in the sales, medical, scientific, and other fields to assist professionals with their work. While Narrow AI is indeed disruptive in narrow situations, it has serious limitations as it has limited or negligible transferability to other disciplines within the same or different domains.
This is why scientists, companies, and governments alike are in a race to develop a strong/general artificial intelligence system that can operate across numerous domains with mastery. These systems would be able to play all varieties of games (cross applying knowledge), write a paper, identify images, etc. and synthesize this information into something useful. The key thing for these systems is that the general AI would be able to operate at a master level (as good as if not better than a well-trained human) and be able to conduct all of these tasks simultaneously. These systems do not currently exist, but many companies and scientists hope to have them in the near future between 2020 and 2030.
After General Artificial Intelligence is achieved, many scientists have speculated about a third evolution of AI, Superintelligence. This level of AI is purely theoretical, but SI systems would be operating at levels and speeds that are faster than the most brilliant humans beings by several million times. Unfortunately, it can be rather challenging to have any meaningful conversation on this topic without falling into the weeds about dystopian worlds where the AI tries to kill everyone. This isn't to say that it can't happen, but there isn't enough information to make an educated assessment of what that future might look like as it currently stands.
Narrow/Weak Artificial Intelligence
Simple Scoring Systems
Chess, Go, and other game-playing systems.
Visual systems (image identification)
Audio systems (speech recognition)
Other Automation Systems
Robust multi-use and multi-purpose systems
Master-level competencies in skills
Do most tasks any human would be able to
Cross application of skills and knowledge
Ability to synthesize diverse information and develop actionable insights or actions
Superintelligent AI Agents would be far superior to the most intelligent humans in terms of capacity and speed.
Would be a master at every skill, subject or discipline.
Would be millions of times faster than the smartest humans.
Would be able to do all tasks simultaneously without a decrease in quality of outputs or speed.
Quick overview of AI to get you started.
Learn about what AI really is.
What are the different levels of AI, and how do they compare to each other.
Why is AI more important than ever?
A great way to understand the different ways AI presents itself to us.
Learn about what jobs are prime targets of AI now and in the future.